1. In contrast, the 1997 Green Paper included a list of sources and references.
  2. The SADC region is made up of the following member states: Angola, Botswana, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
  3. The statistics in the White Paper for deportations are from 2012-2016.
  4. Link to our refugees act infographic here
  5. Link to our refugees act inforgraphic here
  6. The White Paper also finds (in an unsourced claim) that 90% of asylum seekers do not ‘qualify for refugee status.’ We contend that a 90% rejection rate does not mean that 90% of asylum claimants do not qualify for refugee status – it simply means that they have been rejected within a battling. Contrary to the White Paper’s findings, surveys have found that a majority of asylum seekers in South Africa have valid refugee claims.
  7. Currently, the Lindela Holding Facility is the most similar institution to a Processing Centre – and this has been embroiled in various abuse claims.
  8. A study noted that as of March 2013 there was R503.3 million in pending legal claims against Immigration Affairs, with the majority related to cases of unlawful detention.
  9. The third-country principle is implemented elsewhere, such as in the European Union, only through multi- or bi-lateral agreements with neighbouring States, which are subject to legal standards. More on the application of this principle to South Africa can be read here.