The HIV Epidemic in South Africa

What do we know and how has it changed?

This review of the HIV epidemic in South Africa is one of four component reports of an assessment of the HIV epidemic and prevention response in South Africa. The assessment was commissioned by the Government of South Africa and realized jointly by several partners and contractors, under the coordination of the UNAIDS secretariat in South Africa, with technical support from the World Bank and others. The primary objective of this component, the review of the HIV epidemic, is to contribute to ongoing efforts to better understand the HIV epidemic and help develop the best-possible approach to HIV prevention.