Many people in South Africa are religious. According to data from the 2001 census, around 80% of South Africans call themselves Christians, with smaller numbers of Muslims, Hindus, Jews and people who follow African traditional religions. The link between sex work and religion is therefore important. This fact sheet argues that, although many people view sex work as sinful, religious views cannot be the basis for law in South Africa. It also argues that it is our duty to care for sex workers.